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Quality Control of Veneer Strips with Laser Triangulation Sensor

04-06-2020

Veneer Strips are thin sheets of wood of about 1mm thickness or less. They are manufactured by cutting laminated woods with cutter disks to produce strips with less than 1mm thickness. They are generally used to produce flat panels such as doors, tops, and panels. The strips can also be further utilized for assembling parts of furniture, cabinets, and drawers. These sheets are obtained by slicing large rectangular blocks of wood or peeling the trunk of a tree. Thereafter, they are glued together to form layers over a thick core. After this transformation, they become highly stable and less prone to splitting and cracking than solid wood.

The finished products should be thoroughly checked, for the thickness of the strips should not exceed 1mm as per industry specifications. They can only tolerate marginal error in the micrometer range. Furthermore, they are checked for any inconsistent thickness or sprinters that can cause the furniture to delaminate or peel back at edges. Therefore, reliable sensing and detection technology must accurately measure the sheets’ dimensions to ensure that they meet the production standards.

Laser Triangulation as a Solution

Offering fast, wear-free measurement capability with precision, a laser triangulation sensor is widely used for measuring thickness and dimensions in industrial applications. Laser sensors have a compact design that allows easy integration into industrial machinery. Therefore, the sensors can be installed into cutter disks easily.

The advanced laser triangulation sensor from Micro-Epsilon, optoNCDT 2300, is used in the post-processing stage to check the quality and dimensions of wood veneer. This depends on the precision of the cutting disk used for slicing the laminated wood. The laser is positioned in such a way to measure and monitor the radial deviation of the cutting disks.  The cutting disk is fitted with 24 blades, has a 3200 mm diameter, and rotates at approximately 180 to 210 rpm.

The optoNCDT 2300 laser displacement sensor is capable of generating constant and reliable measurement results under challenging conditions. This is due to its sensing capability to offer high-speed measurements and perform reliably on changing and challenging surfaces. The optoNCDT2300 sensor has the feature to rapidly compensate for changing surface during continuous exposure in real-time, which means sudden change of surface will not show erroneous data.

The laser sensor comes with protective housing to protect the laser from cast shadows that can impair the measurement. As a result, the formation of dust and chippings also has a negligible effect on the measurement accuracy. The strongly reflecting surface of the cutting disk and the high-speed operation also doesn’t affect the measurement process. This is because the sensor is integrated with a high-performing optical system to generate precise measurements at rough and challenging conditions.

The sensor can also be connected to the PC via a serial interface. This enables measurement to directly transfer results to the connected PC to post-process the measured values and signals. The intuitive, easy-to-operate web interface allows the users to configure and set pre-measurement settings easily.

The optoNCDT 2300 laser triangulation sensor exhibits high resolution and fast-measuring capability. It is ideal for this type of measurement applications as it can offer precise measurement with a sub-micrometer. It can also measure at high speed up to 49 kHz to suit dynamic applications.

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